As more studies support the idea that bariatric surgery can help type 2 diabetics better manage and even reverse their disease, doctors and researchers across the globe are pushing for this treatment to be more readily offered to patients with uncontrolled symptoms who happen to be obese or mildly obese. In the United Kingdom, for example, doctors are recommending this intervention for more than 100,000 patients who might not have otherwise qualified based on their body mass indexes alone. Globally, more than 45 international medical organizations are now recommending bariatric surgery as a viable treatment for some cases of type 2 diabetes.
Obesity and type 2 diabetes have long been strongly linked through research. Obesity is known to greatly increase a person’s risk for developing this disease and it may also make controlling it quite difficult if it does present. A number of studies have shown that procedures, such as the gastric bypass, help type 2 diabetics better control their blood sugar levels by improving insulin sensitivity and lowering inflammation in the body. Some studies have shown that bypasses can even help some type 2 diabetics completely reverse their symptoms. While research is still under way to better understand why surgical weight loss promotes better control of diabetes, some studies have indicated that a change in gut microorganisms may get some of the credit.
At present, gastric bypasses are generally reserved for people with a BMI of 40 or above. For those with diabetes and other obesity related conditions, a BMI of 35 or higher may open the door for surgical intervention. As more doctors push for changes, it is possible type 2 diabetics with lower BMIs may find bariatric surgery made available to them as a treatment option.
People who are obese are urged to speak with their healthcare providers about all weight loss options. Losing weight can dramatically improve health and may help with the control of certain conditions, such as diabetes.